Mount Elbrus

Photo of Mount Elbrus

Photo by Artyom Stolpovsky, Russia

Details

Elevation (feet): 18,510
Elevation (meters): 5,642
Continent: Europe
Country: Russia
Range/Region: Central Caucasus
Latitude: 43.355
Longitude: 42.4392
Difficulty: Basic Snow/Ice Climb
Best months for climbing: Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep
Year first climbed: 1874
First successful climber(s): A. W. Moore, F. Gardiner, F. Cruford Grove, Horace Walker, Pete Knubel
Nearest major airport: Moscow, Russia, Kiev, Ukraine, Tbilisi, Georgia
Convenient Center: Mineral'nye Vody, Russia

Thanks to Johan for contributing to these details. (View history)

Description

Mount Elbrus is the highest peak in the Caucasus, and the highest peak in Europe. It is located several miles north of the main crest of the Central Caucasus, in the Russian Republics of Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia, north of Georgia.

Its origin is volcanic, and though it has long been extinct, it still retains its gently sloping, conical shape, with twin cones rising on its summit. The west summit at 5,642 meters (18,510 ft) is slightly higher than the east at 5,621 metres (18,442 ft).

The summit is capped in ice year round, and 22 glaciers sprawl from its slopes. All told, the mountain and its vast glaciers cover 56 square miles. The summit provides spectacular views of the entire Caucasus.